To understand some of your back pain you need to understand your skeleton.

Your body is constructed on a framework of bones, the skeleton.

Like every part of your body, the skeleton is wonderfully designed for its purpose. It gives you your shape and protects all the soft and sensitive parts inside, and also has joints that you can move.

The main parts are the skull, the trunk and the limbs.

The skull is made up of 22 separate bones which are joined together to make a strong support for your brain, eyes, ears, nose and mouth. The only part of the skull which can be moved is the lower jaw, which is hinged so that you can open your mouth.

The trunk consists of your spinal column, (back-bone, breast-bone, ribs and pelvis).

The spinal column has 33 bones called vertebrae which are separated by discs of gristle and cartilage. These make it possible for you to move the back-bone, and serve as a shock absorber to protect the vertebrae from shock.

The vertebrae at the lower end of the spine are called the coccyx (or tail bone).

There are 12 pairs of ribs connected to your back-bone, ten of them curving round to join the breast bone. Ribs and breast-bone form your chest, which protects your heart and lungs.

Your arms and legs are joined to the trunk by ball and socket joints. The ball of bone at the top of your arm-bone fits into a socket at the end of the shoulder blade, which makes it possible for you to move your arm freely in any direction.

In the same way the ball of bone at the top of your thigh fits into a deep socket in the pelvis. The joints are held together by ligaments which include joints in your ankles.

Movement is made possible by a whole series of joints. In your arm you have joints at the shoulder, elbow, wrist, and fingers and in your leg joints are in your hip, knee, foot and toes. You also have joints that move your head, and others for moving your body and bending your back.

The joints are protected by cartilage, or gristle which reduces friction as they rub together.

Every joint in your body is controlled by a muscle which are bundles of fibres forming the flesh. Muscles are fastened to the joints by strong cords of fibrous tissue, called tendons.

Muscles give strength to limbs, so the stronger your muscles, the stronger you are.

You use your muscles in everything from bending your arm to turning your head. Some muscles even work when you are asleep to help you breath, aid digestion and work your heart.

Nerves are links between different parts of your body and your brain and they do different kind of jobs.

The Meridian lines are invisible lines that carry energy throughout the body.  Along these lines are points called meridian points.   Meridian lines cannot be seen or felt like other systems in the body such as the circulatory or nervous system. When a person is in good (balanced) health, their meridian lines will be open and clear of blockages. I will cover meridian lines on another post.
All in all your body is an amazing piece of workmanship to help keep you healthy but with wear and tear or accidents you can no understand how muscles, joints and nerves can be effected by a problem with your skeleton.




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