In ancient civilizations it was recorded treatments used for pain were pressure, heat, water and sun. In 1664 the French philosopher Rene Descartas described what to this day is called “pain pathways”. He illustrated how fire in contact with your foot would travel to the brain and he compared pain sensation to the ringing of a bell !!!!!
In the 19th Century science paved the way for advances in pain therapy with the use of opium, morphine, codeine and cocaine. These drugs led to the development of asprin, still used today for pain.In a study, around 500 patients were given either surgery or non-surgery treatment and the researchers found no difference in the outcome in both groups and at follow ups both showed a reduction in their pain levels.