There are a number different types of back and spine pain but the most common ones are –
1.A muscle tension is probably the most common cause of back pain. It can occur at any time and for no reason whatsoever. It is basically when your muscles are unable to relax and loosen like they should do. It can be caused by a number of reasons but stress is the main reason for this condition.
2. When you are stressed your nervous system will automatically react by sending signals to your muscles to be on “alert” or “protect mode”. The nervous system includes both the Central nervous system and Peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system is made up of the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system is made up of the Somatic and the Autonomic nervous systems.
3. A low back (lumber region) strain is caused by repeated and/or overuse of muscles which leads to the muscle fibres therein becoming stretched. Or worse, torn. The same can be said of ligaments and tendons being stripped from where they are attached. It is an injury to the lower back. This results in damaged tendons and muscles that can spasm and feel sore. The lumbar vertebra make up the section of the spine in your lower back.
4. Sciatica, which most of my readers know, I suffer from in both my sacroiliac joints is actually a very common back complaint. When the sciatic nerve is compressed, the pain will almost continually radiate in the same area. Likewise, it may spread across the leg. The nerve is located along the lower back all the way down to the hips and around the buttocks. Slip discs are another cause of pressure. Hence, inflammation and pain will unavoidably arise, resulting in sciatica. I have had a number of lumber surgeries to remove bulging discs which they say has now resulted in me having sciatica problems as the nerves have had to work a lot harder in that area due to limited movement from metal work in my lumber spine.
5. Prolapsed, herniated, bulging or ruptured discs (there have been many names for them) come about when the disks on your spine rupture. This is what happened to me in my late 20’s. Back then you were treated by a chiropractor, a physiotherapist then when the discs remained bulging and the pain constant they then operated to remove the problem disc and fuse the others. A ‘slipped’ (prolapsed) disc often causes sudden, severe lower back pain. The disc often presses on a nerve root which can cause pain and other symptoms in a leg. In most cases, the symptoms ease off gradually over several weeks. The usual advice is to carry on as normal as much as possible. Painkillers may help. Physical treatments such as spinal manipulation may also help. Surgery is only an option if the symptoms persist.
6. Poor posture especially nowadays with many people working from home and/or in front of a screen for along time can cause big problems with your back. Many people are usually not aware that their poor posture is the source of pain in the first place. Or that they are, but choose not to rectify this back and spine problem. I only type sitting in a chair with a lumber support, I wear a back support brace and type on an ergonomic keyboard. Little things like this will make a big difference in the way you sit and work on your laptop/computer. Check out my post on this subject here.
7. Finally, Osteoarthritis of the spine can also cause back pain. Osteoarthritis is defined as a tenderness felt along the vertebrae and the regions surrounding it. Often, it is not limited to back pain. Osteoarthritis of the spine is a breakdown of the cartilage of the joints and discs in the neck and lower back. Wear and tea in our cartilages are part of ageing and they can deteriorate and cause pain particularly in the elderly.