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Causes of lower back pain include –

  1. Mechanical issues
  2. Soft-tissue injuries 
  3. Damage to the intervertebral discs
  4. Compression of nerve roots
  5. Torn or pulled muscle and/or ligament.
  6. The result of poor posture 
  7. Lifting something awkwardly,
  8. Can be associated with feeling stressed or run down
  9. Having the condition Fibromyalgia
  10. Slipped disc – a disc of cartilage in the spine pressing on a nerve
  11. Sciatica – irritation of the nerve that runs from the lower back to the feet
  12. Ankylosing spondylitis – swelling of the joints in the spine
  13. Spondylolisthesis – a bone in the spine slipping out of position
  14. An infection
  15. Some type of cancer
  16. Cauda equina syndrome – where the nerves in the lower back become severely compressed
  17. Arthritis
  18. Osteoporosis
  19. Facet Joint damage
  20. Spinal stenosis
  21. Scoliosis
  22. Kidney infections
  23. Pregnancy
  24. Endometriosis
  25. Ovarian cysts
  26. Uterine fibroids
  27. Covid-19
  28. Prolonged state of immobility
  29. Osteopenia
  30. Pelvic inflammatory disease
  31. Lumbago
  32. Vitamin D deficiency
  33. Shingles
  34. Lyme disease
  35. Multiple Sclerosis
  36. Whiplash injury
  37. Being overweight
  38. Smoking
  39. Acid Reflux
  40. After C Section

Source: NHS Healthline Spine Health Spine Nevada Medline Plus Aspire Stanford Healthcare Cauda Equina UK London Spine Clinic Physio UK Scoliosis Association The Sun Spine Ortho Centre Avogel Chiro-Trust Self Growth Very Well Health EveryonesMD

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“The most common symptom of sacroiliac joint dysfunction is low back pain with or without buttock pain. Sacroiliac or SI joint pain may spread (radiate) into the groin, hips, back of the thighs, and feet.” writes Spine Universe.

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction and pain can be difficult to distinguish from pain originating in the hip joint or lower back which is a bit of a problem for me. Although I was treated with injections for my SI Joint Dysfunction the pain came back and in particular on the right-hand side. Fortunately, my consultant had sent me for a right hip MRI before I had the injections as I had mentioned my right hip was giving me a lot of pain. The MRI showed I have degenerative wear in my hip which is obviously contributing to the pain from SI Joint Dysfunction.

The most common symptom of sacroiliac joint dysfunction is low back pain with or without buttock pain. Sacroiliac, or SI joint pain may spread (radiate) into the groin, hips, back of the thighs, and feet.

Like other types of pain, each patient does not experience the same symptoms. Pain may be described as a minor ache, and the intensity of pain can range from mild to severe. Symptoms may be episodic, infrequent, brought on by everyday activities, or constant (chronic).

Bipolar Radiofrequency Neurotomy (or Radiofrequency Ablation) is a minimally invasive procedure performed to help relieve symptoms related to SI joint dysfunction which is offered if steroid injections helped the pain in the first instance.

The sacroiliac joint is located on either side of the sacrum, which is in the low back and the pelvic areas. The SI joints are a pair of joints that connect the sacrum to the ilium, the large pelvic bone. Unlike other joints in the body, the surfaces of the SI joint are covered in two types of cartilage; one slick and the other spongy. The movement of the SI joint is minimal and results from stretching and is sometimes described as a gliding joint unlike the knee (hinge-type motion) or hip (ball and socket) joints.

Bipolar Radiofrequency Neurotomy is a minimally invasive procedure that disables and prevents specific spinal nerve branches from transmitting pain signals. Bipolar radiofrequency is a modified version of a procedure termed Radiofrequency Therapy (RT), also called Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA), a procedure developed more than 30 years ago. Bipolar radiofrequency is still fairly new, but more pain management specialists are performing this procedure to treat painful sacroiliac joints.

Like its predecessor, bipolar radiofrequency applies a precisely targeted electrical field to create a lesion (change in the body’s tissue)—in this case, in small branches of spinal nerves, rendering them incapable of transmitting pain signals. The difference with the bipolar radiofrequency is that two needles are used to guide the electrical energy in a line between the two needles. This allows the pain specialist to “mold” the location and shape of the lesion to exactly match the SI joint. The applied electrical field can then target these tiny nerves just as they enter the SI joint.

My consultant would like to do this procedure when I feel ready to go ahead with the procedure and explained that for many patients who suffer chronic low back pain, bipolar radiofrequency of the SI joint is an effective treatment that may provide relief for months or longer. Even when the target nerves regenerate (grow back), pain relief may continue. If the patient responded well to the first bipolar radiofrequency, a second may be considered if pain resumes. Of course, each patient is unique and it must be remembered that what works well for one person, may not work well or at all for another. I am definitely going to give this a try as my 8 weeks of pain-free time (from the steroid injections) gave me a taste of what life is like without being in constant pain.

The entire procedure is performed using fluoroscopic guidance. Fluoroscopy is similar to a real-time x-ray and allows the physician to see the patient’s anatomy while guiding and positioning the special radiofrequency needles.

I had a visit from a Physiotherapist before my last procedure who commented that a trochanteric belt, which is a supportive brace that can help with the pain. It is an effective device that is designed to stabilize the pelvis and prevent excessive movement of the SI joint. The terms trochanteric belt, trochanter belt, and sacroiliac belt all mean the same thing and are often used interchangeably. I had already got a lumber support belt after some previous surgery so I decided to give this a try. Unfortunately, I woke up and it had slipped down so I have obviously not got the correct support and I will look into buying another one. The trouble is there are so many different types on Amazon that it is quite hard to decide which one to buy. A trochanteric belt is designed to limit movement of the SI joint in order to reduce painful symptoms.

The SI joint has to move in order for the pelvis to tilt and rotate, but its range of motion is meant to be very limited. Strong ligaments help keep the joint in proper alignment and prevent excessive movement when walking, running, or simply standing. Although these ligaments keep motion in check, they stretch just enough so that the joint can carry out its complex combinations of rotating, sliding or tilting during weight-bearing activities. When the ligaments fail to provide adequate support, destabilization of the SI joint and pelvis can occur. Conditions that can place undue stress on the Si joint and contribute to destabilization can include arthritis, inequality in leg length, sacrum tilted out of normal anatomical position, pregnancy – widening and hypermobility of the SI joint or in my case could have been caused due to all my previous lumbar surgeries.

Most people suffering from SI joint dysfunction find it difficult to remain in one position for any length of time. Pain is generally felt at the base of the spine and is often described as “gripping” or “stabbing.” Difficulty walking or climbing stairs, and pain while lying on one side (especially at night) are common symptoms. I find getting off to sleep extremely painful and uncomfortable and it can disturb my sleep most nights.

For lots more details on SIJ Dysfunction check out the articles on the Spine Universe website.

Source: Spine Universe

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